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Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

Jazz (TV series) - Wikipedia
Jazz is a 2001 documentary miniseries, directed by Ken Burns.It was broadcast on PBS in 2001, and was released on DVD and VHS on January 2, 2001 by the same company. Its chronological and thematic episodes provided a history of jazz, emphasizing innovativ

Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

Cuban musicians would start incorporating aspects of it (like the use of trombones) into their music and the cuban public reacted enthusiastically. The standard tumbao (a very common rhythmical pattern for congas), played by the congas, provides the band with a constant groove of eight notes, with an accentuation of the fourth beat of each bar. From the originally 2 million natives that populated cuba before the arrival of the spanish, only 2.

In july 2009, the population was estimated at 11. He is a pioneer and innovator in the field of setup playing. A few years after the creation of the charanga francesa, romeu decided to replace the timpani with the smaller timbales.

This is why i came up with the following central question for my thesis how did the timbales become an essential part in cuban popular music? To structure my research in a way that it would effectively help me to answer my central question, i decided to break down the question into its three parts. It was the first musical style with an obvious african rhythm influence that was not banned from the music salons of that time, which until then had been reserved for european forms of music. Changuito a masters approach to timbales florida warner bros.

It has a european classical background (the european timpani) while conga and bongo are african derived, it is played with sticks while conga and bongo are played with the hands. Often timbaleros just extend the roll itself by simply starting it somewhere earlier in the bar. Because of the missing interest of the cuban youth in local music, the government finally forbad any kind of anglo-american music on television and radio in 1973.

Their ancestors reached cuba at the end of the 18th century, more then 200 years ago. Venezuelas perhaps most typical and famous musical styles are the joropo and the gaita. The pattern the bongocero plays on the bongo is called martillo and, like the tumbao on congas, consists of straight eight notes.

The simple rhythmic structure made it easy to mix it with all kinds of local rhythms like the puerto rican bomba, and plena, and the dominican merengue. One interesting step towards todays timbales setting is the adding of the cowbell. One low and warm, representing the female part (hembra) and one higher and more aggressive, representing the male part (macho). With the creation of the cuban son in the 1920s, it is cuba, that has to be given credit for having laid the foundation for salsa music, which today consists of rhythms from puerto rico, venezuela, colombia, mexico and the dominican republic (to name a few). Uss maine, an american battleship, which explodes in havanas harbor.


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Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

Music genre - Wikipedia
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used inte
Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday It was the first musical style with an obvious african rhythm influence that was not banned from the music salons of that time, which until then had been reserved for european forms of music. Note that all following examples are written in 2-3 clave direction. Cuban survey revealed that about 80 percent of 15 to 17-year-old students preferred contemporary international music, while only 13 percent of them favoured contemporary national music. In the following years all cuban presidents are under the influence of the u. The word criolla was dropped and the cubanized version, I have practiced different playing techniques, transcribed many solos. During those 200 years the form, Since i am studying at the rotterdam conservatory. The three percussion instruments, conga, bongo and timbales are a fixed component of modern latin american and caribbean dance music, In july 2009, the population was estimated at 11. The danzn was the final step towards the introduction of the timbales. I tried to outline the style of playing timbales by having a closer look at how cuban timbaleros play the cscara, the timbales (mambo) bell, the abanico and the accent on the ponche note. Orestes vilato (famous timbalero) described it like that it was acoustic music, where youd play as light as a fly and as heavy as an elephant. This can be extended to a half bar roll or even a whole bar eight-note triplet roll utilizing both drums and the cymbal.
  • Timbales in Cuban music – Oscar van Dillen


    The following fill was shown to me by roicel rivern. The immense popularity of the pachanga in the early 1960s lead che guevara to the statement socialismo con pachanga (socialism with pachanga). In the 1930s israel cachao lpez and his brother orestes lpez were playing in the orquesta maravilla de arcaño, when a new part called mambo or montuno was introduced to the danzn. To understand the role of the timbales in an ensemble, it is helpful to know about the roles of the other two percussion instruments involved. And like it is usual for cuban musicians, it very soon was mixed with all kinds of styles of cuban music and can be heard in countless combinations.

    One of the reasons that the timpani had been replaced by the timbales, might have been the difference in size and weight. The fall of the soviet union results in an ending of all economic subsidies that cuba received from the soviet union. The groove and sound of the congas is essential for modern latin music. The first obvious african influence to western ballroom music in cuba was the cinquillo. In the time from the 1970s till today cuba has been a constant innovator of its own music.

    This new part made use of a small cowbell, which then became a part of the timbales setup. The clave is a two bar long rhythmic pattern which is a fundamental part of most cuban music. The constant progressing globalization and the internet, making it possible to listen to music from any given country at any given time everywhere around the globe. After checking my level of playing, he asked me to play for a moment alternating between cscara and bell. The republic of cuba consists of the island of cuba and the isla de la juventud, as well as of several archipelagos. In order to accentuate the cuban identity and differentiate cuban music from us music, the state controlled media started to support original cuban rhythms, called nuevos ritmos (new rhythms), like paca, piln and mozamique. In an interview with juan formell, the band leader described the situation as followed , and by decree broadcast that guy pedro arrogan sic every half an hour. I have practiced different playing techniques, transcribed many solos, listened to cuban music and picked up much information about famous timbal players. The emergence of bands like los van van and irakere during the early 1970s marked the turning point of cuban popular music. Naomi was raised by her mother, valerie (morris), and has never met her biological father.

    TIMBALES IN CUBAN MUSIC. by Daniel Hahnfeld – Codarts University of the Arts (2009) Thesis-counselor: Oscar van Dillen. Introduction. The timbales are a percussion instrument, whose history is closely connected to the history of Cuban music.

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    What had been cuban music from the time before the revolution, finally returned to cuba in form of salsa and gained great popularity. This can be extended to a half bar roll or even a whole bar eight-note triplet roll utilizing both drums and the cymbal. In fact, a group that plays salsa can still sound strong, even when it only plays with congas and bongo and no timbales (listen to the recording of quinto mayor salsa con golpe and salsa con golpe 2). The groups who would play the contradanza were called orquesta tpica. This trend resulted in the reopening of some of havanas dance halls and clubs.

    Two timbalitos, one bigger and one smaller, could now be mounted on one tripod and easily been played while seated Buy now Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

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    The following five examples show abanicos of different length. By simply starting the pattern on the second bar one would get the same cscara but in a 3-2 clave direction (ex. Its introduction to popular music was not until the 1940s by arsenio rodriguez (famous cuban band leader and tres player). The year in which the cuban flag is waving over havana for the first time. Naomi was raised by her mother, valerie (morris), and has never met her biological father.

    Every instruments pattern, or part of a musical arrangement stands in relationship to the clave and its direction. Like the conga, the bongo is an african influenced percussion instrument. These groups would include woodwinds, brass, strings, the cuban scraper instrument called guiro and the creole timpani, a smaller version of the european timpani Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday Buy now

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    As a small conclusion of this chapter i want to describe one of my first lessons with my cuban percussion teacher in hamburg, germany. The naming of the drums refers to the two different sounds the drums produce when hit with a stick. One of the best known cuban timbalerospercussionists of our time. What today is known as haiti, had been, till its independence in 1804, the colony of saint domingue. In an conversation with roicel rivern, he pointed out that many young timbaleros in cuba started playing the abanico instead of with the normal six-stroke roll sticking with a seven stroke-roll.

    The image of a musician who played timba was an image of success. Timbales are also being used in situations were one person has to play more than one percussion instrument at the same time Buy Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday at a discount

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    One of the best known cuban timbalerospercussionists of our time. The cuban version was cheaper to build than european timpani and due to economic problems this was an important factor. One of the most played figures by every timbalero is the abanico. Note that also all examples written in this section are written in 2-3 clave direction. This specific mix, soon called songo, became the groups trademark.

    This can be extended to a half bar roll or even a whole bar eight-note triplet roll utilizing both drums and the cymbal. In the first years, the group had to fight for survival, because the responsible ministry of culture didnt accept the groups wish to play jazz influenced music, which at that time was seen closely related to the capitalistic us regime Buy Online Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

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    Bands that played timba music could almost be seen as institutions with often changing members. A group of young virtuous musicians that were about to change cuban music forever. In all the variation shown below the right hand keeps on playing the normal cscara pattern, while the left hand fills in the gaps to create a constant eight-note pattern. While the cscara is used in sections of low dynamics, the bell is used in sections of high dynamics, like the montuno (coropregn) and mambo. What had been cuban music from the time before the revolution, finally returned to cuba in form of salsa and gained great popularity.

    Cristbal coln (christopher columbus) arrives on cuba and claims the island for spain Buy Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday Online at a discount

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    Puerto ricans and cubans alike, claim to be the true inventors, while colombians have given cali the title capital of salsa and crowned themselves kings. I want to dedicate this thesis to silvano mustelier, without whom i would have never decided to study music. My second goal was of course to satisfactory answer the central question i have given myself. The skin, which is used to cover each drum, is not anymore made from animal skin but made from synthetics. The timbales are a percussion instrument, whose history is closely connected to the history of cuban music.

    In sections requiring lower dynamics, being the introduction of a song, the verse and a piano solo, the bongocero would play on the bongos Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday For Sale

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    Another trend that can be seen is the revival of cuban jazz. A basic setup for one percussion player could be a pair of congas and a pair of timbales. In july 2009, the population was estimated at 11. The following pattern is meant for use in slower tempos. Cuba is part of a group of islands called the greater antilles which includes jamaica, hispanoila and puerto rico.

    The cuban version was cheaper to build than european timpani and due to economic problems this was an important factor. This new part made use of a small cowbell, which then became a part of the timbales setup. Both can be considered fundamental parts in every timbaleros repertoire and roughly represent the overall function of the timbales For Sale Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

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    In a previous chapter i roughly described the evolution of cuban popular music. Walfredo de los reyes famous percussionist and innovator in adding the timbales to his drum set. He makes use of a small eight- note triplet roll before ending on the fourth beat with a hit on the hembra. The creation of songo must be pointed out as the most important stylistic result of that period. Rivern stated that this way the roll would become much more dense and aggressive.

    This is why i came up with the following central question for my thesis how did the timbales become an essential part in cuban popular music? To structure my research in a way that it would effectively help me to answer my central question, i decided to break down the question into its three parts Sale Thesis Statement On Billie Holiday

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